Factors That Determine an LTL Freight Class

LTL freight class, freight class factor, LTL freightWith LTL shipments, all freight is given a classification code number in accordance with the National Motor Freight Classification. Your freight will be assigned one of 18 possible LTL freight class designations. Here are some of the factors that determine this classification. Generally, the lower the class the lower the cost.

Factor #1: Density

To determine density, divide the freight’s mass by the volume. If you can keep the density down, you’ll receive a better the rate. However, this may not always be possible with a heavy machine tool.

Factor #2: Handling

How easy is it to transport the freight without causing damage? Sensitive items may require special handling instructions. This can raise the freight class and therefore, the shipment’s cost. Some machine tools have sensitive parts that may require special handling. This may require the use of certain equipment during unloading, such as a hand truck or lift gate.

Factor #3: Stowability

Ideally, all freight fits nice and snug into the trailer in a way that will maximize space efficiency. The stowability factor is the ease with which a shipment can be stowed while taking the least amount of space and not interfering with other freight. Freight that is overly long may have stowability issues and may also increase difficulty during loading and handling.

Factor #4: Liability

Machine tools are susceptible to theft, some more so than others. Likewise, some freight may contain chemicals or other hazardous material that can cause serious damage in an accident. A carrier’s insurance is affected by what it carries. Freight deemed high risk may incur a higher classification and cost.

Get Acquainted with the LTL Freight Class System

Most common carriers have some sort of freight classification. Whatever shipping method you decide to use, be sure to know how the freight classification system works. Contact Machine Transport to arrange your next outbound shipment. Know the LTL freight class to determine the estimated cost.

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